Wayanad, the green paradise is nestled among the mountains of the Western Ghats, forming the border world of the greener part of Kerala. Clean and pristine, enchanting and hypnotizing, this land is filled with history and Culture. Located at a distance of 76 km. from the sea shores of Kozhikode, this verdant hill station is full of plantations, forests and wildlife. Wayanad hills are contiguous to Mudumalai in Tamil Nadu and Bandhipur in Karnataka, thus forming a vast land mass for the wild life to move about in their most natural abode.
The natural scenic beauty of Wayanad and its rich natural resources offer several opportunities for adventure tourism. The hills rocks and valley which make the very unique character of Wayanad provide a lot for catering to the ever increasing demand for adventure tourist. Trekking to the Chembra peak is one of the risky tourist endeavours. It is14 kms. west of Kalpetta. Trekking to the top of this peak takes almost a day. Tourists can also stay one or two days at the top of the peak in temporary camps. Pakshipathalam in Bramha Giri hills at Thirunelly is a challenging tourist spot. It is 7 kms. north-east of Thirunelly temple. To reach there 17 kms. have to be covered through wild forest. Rivers: Kabani river, one of the three east flowing rivers of Kerala, is an important tributary of the river Cauvery.
There is a land not far from Calicut, the city of Zamorins, yet a world apart from Kerala'sagricultural and industrial epicentres. It is a quiet place where scenic beauty wild life and traditional matter, simplicity is a virtue and beauty. This is Wayanad - the green paradise - the border world of greener part of Kerala. The name Wayanad has been derived from the expression 'Vayal nadu' - the village of paddy fields. When the state of Kerala was formed in 1956, Wayanad was part of Kannur district. Later South Wayanad was added to Kozhikode district and then on November 1, 1980 North and South Wayanad joined together to form the present Wayanad district.
The population of the district is more than 7 lakh (according to 2001 census) and it records a literacy rate of 85.54 percent. While the male literacy ratio is 90.28, the female literacy ratio is 80.80. The economy of the district is mainly based on agriculture and it has no major heavy industry to boast of. Apart from agriculture, the only industry that pays rich dividend to the district is tourism. With its idyllic nature, proximity to Ooty and Mysore, the well-laid roads and wildlife sanctuaries, the district has tremendous tourist potential.
Located at a lofty altitude of 700 to 2100 metres from the sea level, the district has a varying topography which includes hilly areas, valleys as well as meadows. The climate also changes drastically depending on the geography and altitude. The district lies between north latitude 110 27' and 150 58' and east longitude 750 47 ' and 700 27'. It sprawls over an area of 2132 sq km and has all the fascinating views that the Western Ghats offers. It also is an apt ground for paddy cultivation and the name of the district itself is derived from this characteristic. (Wayanad is derived from Vayal Nadu which means land of paddy fields.)
The hilly areas of Wayanad are cradles of wind. While high velocity winds are very common in the high altitudes during south west monsoon (which usually falls during June –September) dry winds have been experienced during March-April. It is also a region which experiences one of the highest rainfalls in the country. The mean average in the district is 2322 mm. But some areas like Lakkidi, Vythiri and Meppadi experience a higher rainfall of 3000 to 4000 mm. The south-west monsoon falls during June-September and north-east monsoon in October to November.
|Karapuzha Dam||2 km|
|Meppadi Tea Estate||6 km|
|Edakkal Caves||18 km|
|Soochipara Waterfalls||22 km|
|Pookot Lake||35 km|
|Banasura Sagar Dam||42 km|
|Kuruva Island||42 km|
|Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary||35 km|
|Tholpetty Wildlife Sancturay||60 km|
|Chembra Peak||20 km|
|Thirunelly temple||65 km|
|Calicut Airport||120 km|
|Calicut Railway Station||105 km|